Criminal lawyers’ job description overview
We will examine the job title, job description, responsibilities, qualifications, and licensure.
Criminal lawyers Job title
A criminal lawyer’s job title can vary depending on the position. For example:
– Prosecutor – issues legal proceedings against a defendant, usually on behalf of a government.
– Directors of public prosecutions – represent the governments of former British colonies in cases against accused individuals or businesses (Wikipedia, 2021).
Criminal lawyers job description summary
Criminal lawyers are bar admitted individuals who are educated in the law. They are mainly responsible for representing accused individuals or businesses in the criminal court system.
The scope of the job includes:
An arraignment is an event in which criminal charges are formally read to defendants accused of a crime. The defendant s expected to enter a plea in response to the charges (Wikipedia, 2021).
A plea refers to a formal declaration of guilt or innocence. It can be done by a defendant or by their lawyer.
Examining the crime scene.
Conducting legal research.
Attending pretrial hearings.
Offering legal advice to clients.
Attending settlement conferences.
Attending trials and sentence hearings.
Gathering expert witnesses to testify in court.
Creating exhibits for demonstrations in court.
Behave in in an ethical and professional manner at all times.
Undergo ongoing training to stay updated about changes and new developments in the legal field.
Acquiring additional evidence in support of cases or for arguments against the prosecution’s charges
Eight skills of a good criminal lawyer
Eight of these skills include:
1. Possess experience in prosecution.
2. Ability to think critically and analytically.
3. Ability to negotiate with judges and other professionals.
4. Demonstrate knowledge of the law and amendments to any laws.
5. Display confidentiality in the treatment of clients’ information.
6. Display honesty and integrity when dealing with clients and other professionals.
7. Demonstrate the ability to communicate clearly with clients and other professionals.
8. Demonstrate commitment to clients and their cases – criminal lawyers may have more than one case at a time.
The average pay for a criminal lawyer is $73,000.00 per year. Income varies widely but can range from $45,000.00 per year to $125,000.00 to $130,000.00 per year.
Criminal lawyers job description educational requirements
Criminal lawyers must be University trained. They undergo a total of seven years of educational preparation.
They possess undergraduate degrees with a Bachelors’s in a discipline in addition to a law degree.
The American Bar Association (2020) publishes a list of approved law schools. These are rated by law schools that are provisionally approved, on probation, and those on a Teach-Out Plan.
Two of the best-known American law schools include Yale and Harvard.
Approved law schools on the American Bar Association’s list include:
BARRY UNIVERSITY (2002).
BELMONT UNIVERSITY (2013).
BOSTON COLLEGE (1932).
BOSTON UNIVERSITY (1925).
BRIGHAM YOUNG (1974).
CALIFORNIA – Berkeley (1923).
CALIFORNIA – Davis (1968).
CALIFORNIA – Hastings (1939).
CALIFORNIA – Irvine (2011).
CALIFORNIA – Los Angeles (1950).
CALIFORNIA WESTERN (1962).
DETROIT MERCY (1933).
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA (1991).
Criminal lawyers job description licensure requirements
Criminal lawyers who represent clients in court must successfully pass the bar examination.
The National Board of Legal Specialty Certification (NBLSC) was approved by eleven US States to cerfify lawyers.
The NBLSC is a non-profit organization that was accredited by the American Bar Association. The NBLSC has certified over 2000 lawyers in the areas of:
– trial advocacy.
– civil trial advocacy.
– family trial advocacy.
– civil pretrial practice.
– criminal trial advocacy.
– social security disability.
Criminal lawyers can also be certified by other relevant American Bar Association certification agencies. These include:
National Elder Law Foundation.
National Board of Trial Advocacy.
The American Board of Certification.
National College for DUI Defense, Inc.
National Association of Counsel for Children.
American Board of Professional Liability Attorneys.
International Association of Privacy Professionals.
National Association of Estate Planners & Councils Estate Law Specialist Board, Inc (American Bar Association, 2021).
State sponsored certification plans for criminal lawyers
Criminal lawyers can also take advantage of state-sponsored certification programs. These include:
Minnesota State Bar Association.
Texas Board of Legal Specialization.
Louisiana Board of Legal Specialization.
Tennessee Supreme Court Commission on CLE.
South Carolina Supreme Court Commission on CLE.
New Jersey Board of Attorney Certification.
North Carolina Board of Legal Specialization.
State Bar of California Office of Certification.
State Bar of Arizona Legal Specialization and MCLE.
Florida Board of Legal Specialization and Education Certification Program(American Bar Association, 2021)
Criminal lawyers working hours
Criminal lawyers are hired to work weekdays with weekends off. They are contracted to work for about 40 hours per week. However, they may work overtime in order to conduct research and to prepare and review documents.